Principia has conducted bird strike simulations on leading edges and other parts of a number of commercial and military aircraft, both with aluminium alloys and with composite materials.
It would not be very practical to build a full-scale bridge to test whether it works as intended against those loads and that is where simulation comes to the rescue. Principia has carried out studies for two dozen bridges.
In 2003 and 2004 Principia conducted a series of 11 separate investigations, all of them with a strong simulation component, in relation with the Prestige tanker.
Impacts occur all the time. Deliberated or accidental, we want to understand the process and predict its outcome, which is where simulation lends a helping hand.