Water is inherently soft, but don’t let that fool you, in some conditions its power is truly fearsome, as it happens with water hammers.
The development of batteries for electric vehicles must balance the requirements of performance, weight and cost of the battery.
The F1 races provide a benchmark for innovations that eventually find their way into the production series, and increasingly simulation constitutes the essential tool in this phase of technological innovation.
In the process of designing a new container the best option is to make use of numerical simulation by finite elements (FEA), combined if necessary with computational fluid dynamics (CFD).
Numerical simulation is always a faster, simpler and cheaper solution than traditional prototypes in the early phases of design.
With adequate software one can design a virtual container and carry out virtual tests for approval purposes in a couple of hours, sometimes in minutes, with the added advantage that shapes and materials can be easily modified.
Nowadays most industrial processes are amenable to simulation, which can be used to conceive, design, test, optimise, and verify the process and its possible modifications. Solar energy plants are not an exception.
Integral bridge design offers the advantages of structural monolithism because of the absence of joints and bearings makes construction easier and faster, and also results in maintenance savings.
When a bridge is going to be built over water, there is the possibility of bringing successive deck segments by barge and lifting them into position. The process is conceptually simple but, particularly in open waters, as in a bay or estuary, the dynamics of the operation may be rather complex.
The realistic simulation tools are accessible to allow conducting comparisons between the basic design alternatives without a specialised knowledge of the simulation technologies that underlie the virtual analyses.