Wave energy emerges as a promising candidate energy supplier as it has been estimated that coastal waves could provide an average power equal to half of the world’s total electricity demand.
Vibrations are generally an undesirable by-product of industrial activity or environmental action. All sorts of ill effects are associated with vibrations and, eventually, they tend to result in decreased efficiency, higher maintenance costs, and shortened life of equipment and structures.
The occurrence of liquefaction has more than one harmful effect: the ground suffers a temporary loss of strength, and densification of the sand will also entail permanent settlements, which will also distress any surviving structures.
In 2003 and 2004 Principia conducted a series of 11 separate investigations, all of them with a strong simulation component, in relation with the Prestige tanker.
There is practically no industry or technical field that has not been strongly affected by simulation. But in the case of storage tanks for liquefied natural gas, they would have simply been impossible without it, at least with anything near the level of safety that we demand from them.