From the viewpoint of the wind as a threat, Principia has conducted calculations for half a dozen bridges, including aeroelastic effects in some cases, football stadiums, museums, railway stations, solar plants, high-rise towers, and other structures.
Simulation cannot provide water where there is none, nor differences in elevation at a flat site. But it is invaluable for almost everything else in relation with a pumped storage facility.
Structural simulation plays an essential role in the configuration of spent nuclear fuel storage pools, and its treatment and disposal.
Numerical simulation by finite elements now provides a proven alternative for the design of blast-resistant glazing
Wave energy emerges as a promising candidate energy supplier as it has been estimated that coastal waves could provide an average power equal to half of the world’s total electricity demand.
Vibrations are generally an undesirable by-product of industrial activity or environmental action. All sorts of ill effects are associated with vibrations and, eventually, they tend to result in decreased efficiency, higher maintenance costs, and shortened life of equipment and structures.
The occurrence of liquefaction has more than one harmful effect: the ground suffers a temporary loss of strength, and densification of the sand will also entail permanent settlements, which will also distress any surviving structures.
Water is inherently soft, but don’t let that fool you, in some conditions its power is truly fearsome, as it happens with water hammers.
It would not be very practical to build a full-scale bridge to test whether it works as intended against those loads and that is where simulation comes to the rescue. Principia has carried out studies for two dozen bridges.
In 2003 and 2004 Principia conducted a series of 11 separate investigations, all of them with a strong simulation component, in relation with the Prestige tanker.